Methodology for Organising the Income Generating Group (IGG)

The Income Generating Group (IGG) is the entry point of Swabalamban. The IGG is also the main implementing agency for RSDC at the community level. This makes IGG the core institution of the programme. All activities are ‘of the Group by the Group and for the Group’. This institutional process facilitates social mobilization for effective and sustainable results. Different organisations have different methods of organizing community. RSDC develops IGGs, once the programme is approved through thefollowing process:

  • Organise VDC level initial interactions to introduce the programme.
  • Collect necessary data and information of the VDC, with the support of available VDC level agencies local teachers, intellectuals, and political leaders.
  • Organise ward level interactions in nine wards to introduce the programme activities.
  • Visit communities and households at the ward level to inform and be informed: to develop trust and sense of solidarity.
  • Identify geographic areas and communities that are relatively behind in levels of education and access to resources and opportunities.
  • Identify and select the target community within the selected area.
  • Visit households regularly and increasingly for sensitizing the targeted communities to Swabalamban principles, processes and values, and establish the foundations for group formation.
  • Once the interest for group-work is established, obtain formal application from the interested households to help enhance community ownership of the group.
  • Give preference to women, Dalits, vulnerable groups and indigenous communities in the process.
  • Organise interaction meetings of prospective members and discuss the draft constitution of the group (the constitution would be informal but commonly agreed in the group).
  • Organise the first general meeting of the group to decide the name of the IGG, elect office bearers, and approve the constitution, with target households agreeing to the principle of one-family-one-member in the IGG.
  • Orient the office bearers, and members of the IGG, on the functions, scope of work, office procedures and resource mobilization and use, as per the constitution of IGG.
  • Initiate the collection of entrance fee and regular savings from those who join the group as members.
  • Depending upon the size and the geographic spread of the community, include 25-30 members in one group as convenient. Consider geographic, ethnic and cultural aspects of the community. The size of the group need not be rigidly fixed to a number.
  • The vulnerable, poor and Dalit households and, women and ethnic groups are encouraged to take the leadership of the group.
  • Constitute a 7 to 11 member executive committee (or board) covering all geographic locations and elect the leadership of the group. Chairperson, Secretary and Treasurer are compulsory, while other positions such as Vice-chair, Deputy Secretary etc. can be considered if needed. Poorer members, Dalit, ethnic households and women should be encouraged for leadership positions.
  • IGG should regularly meet once a month. Special meetings can be called when needed.
  • Meeting should be conducted following democratic principles. Agreed procedures should be followed for maximum involvement and participation of members.
  • All community level development activities of RSDC should be channeled through IGGs